Non-Conviction-Based Confiscation in Europe

Possibilities and Limitations on Rules Enabling Confiscation without a Criminal Conviction

2015. IX, 306 S.
Available as
40,00 €
ISBN 978-3-428-14883-7
available

Description

The principle of justice, the effective prevention of crime, and the rule of law demand that crime should not pay: it cannot be accepted that a person who has gained wealth through crime is allowed to enjoy the fruits of his criminal activities.

During the last four decades, significant efforts have been made, both on the international and national levels, to develop fair and efficient rules enabling the authorities to forfeit assets derived from crime. However, the vast majority of legal systems throughout Europe have not succeeded in upholding this important aspect of the rule of law. The European Commission held in 2012 that »confiscation of criminal assets remains underdeveloped and underutilized« in the EU Member States, and that »there is a significant underutilisation of asset confiscation laws throughout the EU«. The main reason why confiscation legislation has proven inefficient lies in the many difficulties in reaching a criminal conviction of the offender. In order to remedy this situation, new strategies are emerging. One of the most radical but at the same time efficient legal tools that has been developed to overcome the »criminal conviction problem« is the introduction of rules enabling confiscation without a former criminal conviction: Non-Conviction-Based Confiscation (NCBC).

The purpose of this book is to get the reader acquainted with different NCBC legislation models, to analyze the diverse structural issues and human rights issues that NCBC legislation raises in a European context, and to discuss and carve out some guidelines for legislating NCBC. This book is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners, and academics throughout Europe who believe that crime should not pay.

Overview

Jon Petter Rui
Introduction

Stefan D. Cassella
Civil Asset Recovery – The American Experience

Ian Smith
Civil Asset Recovery – The English Experience

Robert Esser
A Civil Asset Recovery Model – The German Perspective and European Human Rights

Michele Panzavolta / Roberto Flor
A Necessary Evil? The Italian »Non-Criminal System« of Asset Forfeiture

Johan Boucht
Civil Asset Forfeiture and the Presumption of Innocence under Art. 6(2) ECHR

Els De Busser
Confiscation and Data Protection – The Bare Necessities

Alan Bacarese / Gavin Sellar
Civil Asset Forfeiture in Practice

Joachim Vogel
The Legal Construction that Property Can Do Harm – Reflections on the Rationality and Legitimacy of »Civil« Forfeiture

Jon Petter Rui / Ulrich Sieber
NCBC in Europe – Bringing the Picture Together

List of Authors and Editors

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