(Ed.) | (Ed.)
War and Peace: the Role of Science and Art
2010. Abb.; 290 S.
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ISBN 978-3-428-13092-4
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ISBN 978-3-428-53092-2
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Description

The essays gathered in this volume investigate the role of science and art in issues of war and peace through various disciplines and theoretical traditions. How does philosophical anthropology explain why humans can be so violent? How do psychoanalysis and neuroscience regard the fact that, rather than pursuing happiness and freedom, humans seem to prefer the destruction of others and themselves? How is violence incorporated into language? How do the social sciences construct a depreciative view of the enemy and the myth of a national, superior identity? How have the natural sciences been involved in domination or cooperation between countries? How does art defame or value the other? How can one shield science and art from the logic of war, making them a common good for humanity and a foundation for peace?

Many reflections are discussed here with regard to Kant, Hegel, Alexander von Humboldt, Novalis, Schlegel, Schopenhauer, Tolstoy, Freud, Einstein, Ortega y Gasset, Clausewitz, Canetti, Bourdieu, Rawls etc. This volume stands alone in clarifying the role of science and art in war and peace analytically and historically while also linking it to a number of contemporary implications.

Overview

Inhalt: I. Violence: D. Sardinha, L'humanité dans l'animalité: Kant et l'anthropologie du bien et du mal - S. Nour, Alexander von Humboldt's cosmopolitanism - O. Remaud, La violence dans les mots - II. Political Philosophy: N. Quy Dao, Nguyên Trai. Correspondances de guerre et la Grande Proclamation de la Pacification des Ngô - M. Kaufmann, Le droit à la guerre et l'ennemi injuste dans la Métaphysique des mœurs de Kant - G. Raulet, Die Rezeption von Kants Traktat "Zum ewigen Frieden" in der deutschen Romantik - H. Bentouhami, "La révolte des masses" d'Ortega y Gasset: de la guerre dans les sociétés pacifiées - J.-C. Merle, Kooperation, Krieg und Frieden bei Kant und Rawls - III. Critical Theory: A. E. Ferraro, Science, politics and administration. The political critique of science, from romanticism to the state of exception - C. Cronin, Globalization as Process and Ideology: The Neoliberal Dispensation and the Critique of Ideology - IV. Science and Arts in International Relations: J. Terrier, The impact of war on the French human sciences and the image of Germany: 1914-1916 - D. Ehrhardt, La guerre franco-prussienne, la fondation de la Société nationale de Musique et l'appropriation de la musique allemande - E. Suraud, Les grandes collaborations en "Physique Lourde" et le renforcement des relations internationales - V. Psyche: C. Pollmann, Luttes pour les ressources et détermination émotionnelle de l'existence humaine - N. M. Proença, Pourquoi donc la guerre? Lecture de Freud et Einstein - E. Glon, Fictions morales et architecture cognitive - VI. Aesthetics: A. P. Olivier, L'art comme savoir de l'art - J. Barboza, Kann der Krieg erhaben sein? - H. Marzolf, Entre guerre et paix, l'humanité comme communauté esthétique - VII. Tolstoi's "War and Peace": A. N. Krouglov, Das Problem des Friedens bei I. Kant und L. N. Tolstoj - E. Balibar, Sur "Guerre et Paix" de Tolstoi

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